The focus of the research was on how women employed in public cultural institutions view gender relations in the cultural sphere. In this sense, the research dealt with how cultural female workers view their position and what they see as the biggest problems and challenges when it comes to sex/gender in the sphere of culture and art. The quantitative part of the research collected data about the number and sex structure of the employers, direct managers, and managing organs (administrative and supervising council) in all 513 public cultural institutions.
The qualitative part of the research delved deeper into the main subjects and challenges related to gender equality in culture by conducting thorough interviews with 52 female workers from 42 cultural institutions.
The most important research results have shown that:
- There are more women than men in public cultural institutions.
- In terms of the representation of women in institutions, libraries employ the most women, while theaters employ the least.
- Women hold the post of director in 45.6% of cultural institutions
- The female informants believe that culture is predominantly a “female” domain, where most employees are women, and view cultural institutions as places where they can express their creativity and potentials without feeling discriminated against. As reasons for this, they mention that there are more women than men in cultural institutions, as well as that most employers have obtained a higher academic degree and are more open-minded about these issues.
- Female employees point out that, in terms of the position of women in different types of cultural institutions, the most unfortunate position is that of women employed in the theaters (roles are mostly written for male characters, women much earlier than men fall under the category of “older” characters, there is fewer women on positions that generate higher income).
- According to most interviewees in culture, there is no division into “male” and “female” occupations and both sexes/genders can perform the same jobs.